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By Leonard King

This can be a accomplished examine a few of the mythology and spiritual practices in Mesopotamia and old Egypt. From the preface: "In those lectures an try out is made, now not lots to restate widely used evidence, as to house them to new and supplementary facts which has been released in the US because the outbreak of the warfare. yet even with no the excuse of modern discovery, no apology will be wanted for any comparability or distinction of Hebrew culture with the mythological and mythical ideals of Babylon and Egypt. Hebrew achievements within the sphere of faith and ethics are just thrown into improved reduction whilst studied opposed to their modern historical past. the majority of our new fabric is supplied by means of a few early texts, written in the direction of the shut of the 3rd millennium B.C. They contain traditions which expand in unbroken define from their very own interval into the distant a while of the previous, and declare to track the background of guy again to his construction. They signify the early nationwide traditions of the Sumerian humans, who preceded the Semites because the ruling race in Babylonia; and by the way they necessitate a revision of present perspectives with reference to the cradle of Babylonian civilization. the main impressive of the hot records is one that relates in poetical narrative an account of the production, of Antediluvian historical past, and of the Deluge. It therefore indicates a detailed resemblance in constitution to the corresponding Hebrew traditions, a resemblance that's not shared by means of the Semitic-Babylonian types at this time identified. yet in topic the Sumerian culture is extra primitive than any of the Semitic types. besides the fact that the textual content looks to have reached us in a paranormal atmosphere, and to a point in epitomized shape, this early record allows us to faucet the circulate of culture at some extent a long way above any at which process has hitherto been attainable. notwithstanding the resemblance of early Sumerian culture to that of the Hebrews is awesome, it furnishes a nonetheless nearer parallel to the summaries preserved from the background of Berossus. the massive figures integrated within the latter's chronological scheme aren't any longer to be taken care of as a made from Neo-Babylonian hypothesis; they reappear of their unique atmosphere in one other of those early files, the Sumerian Dynastic record. The assets of Berossus had necessarily been semitized by means of Babylon; yet of his 3 Antediluvian towns locate their position one of the 5 of primitive Sumerian trust, and of his ten Antediluvian kings rejoin their Sumerian prototypes. furthermore, the recorded a while of Sumerian and Hebrew patriarchs are unusually alike. it can be further that during Egypt a brand new fragment of the Palermo Stele has enabled us to make sure, through a really related comparability, the accuracy of Manetho's assets for his prehistoric interval, whereas whilst it demonstrates the best way attainable inaccuracies in his process, deduced from self reliant facts, could have arisen in distant antiquity. it's transparent that either Hebrew and Hellenistic traditions have been modelled on very early lines."

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