By Charles River Editors
*Includes old debts of Damascus' history
*Includes on-line assets and a bibliography for extra analyzing
“Nicolaus of Damascus, within the fourth ebook of his background, says therefore: ‘Abraham reigned at Damascus, being a foreigner, who got here with a military out of the land above Babylon, known as the land of the Chaldeans: yet, after decades, he obtained him up, and faraway from that state additionally, along with his humans, and went into the land then known as the land of Canaan, yet now the land of Judea, and this while his posterity have been turn into a large number; as to which posterity of his, we relate their heritage in one other paintings. Now the identify of Abraham is even nonetheless well-known within the state of Damascus; and there's proven a village named from him, The Habitation of Abraham.’” – Josephus
“In Damascus there's a mosque that has no equivalent on the earth, no longer one with such nice percentage, nor one so solidly built, nor one vaulted so securely, nor yet another marvellously laid out, nor one so admirably embellished in gold mosaics and numerous designs, with enamelled tiles and polished marbles.” - Muhammad al-Idrisi, 1154
all through historical past, Syria has been ruled no longer by means of one nice urban yet by means of . apart from Aleppo to the north, the spiritual and advertisement city of Damascus has been a spot wanted by way of the strong. For hundreds of thousands of years the Phoenicians, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Greeks, Romans, Christians, and Muslims all vied for keep an eye on of town.
Damascus has many very important architectural websites relationship from just about all eras of its background, and vestiges of the earlier have existed and been valued in Damascus all through its life. The heritage of Damascus from the Byzantine interval to the twelfth century is very interesting, by way of its function because the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate and the alterations that it skilled whilst the Abbasid Caliphate and Seljuk dynasty got here to strength.
At Damascus, the colourful capital of contemporary Syria, you'll event the fervour and spirituality of the numerous faiths that experience coexisted in Syria for hundreds of years. The tales of Damascus are a residing embodiment of the age of Islamic renaissance; town has one of many oldest and most vital mosques on the earth, and it has a colourful historical past associated with the increase of Islam within the zone.
The Umayyad Mosque is an excellent representation of the continuity of sacred websites within the urban throughout the millennia. even though it hasn't ever been subjected to an archaeological research, this used to be most likely the positioning of a temple of the Semitic thunder god Haddad, and it used to be definitely the location of the Roman cult of Jupiter following the amalgamation of Haddad with the Roman god, general of the syncretic method that the Romans took to international religions. It used to be additionally definitely the positioning of the Christian Cathedral of St. John the Baptist; in truth, it can be extraordinary to benefit that the relics of St. John the Baptist are held inside this mosque, and are respected via Muslims and Christians alike. Christians make up approximately 10 percentage of the inhabitants, with the remaining being quite often Muslim. a couple of Christian holy websites on the subject of the conversion and paintings of St. Paul – who's thought of via many to be the most founding father of the Christian church after Jesus – are available in Damascus. The longstanding tolerance and admire among humans of other faiths in Syria is a noteworthy characteristic of this unparalleled urban.
Damascus: The historical past and Legacy of the Syrian Capital from Antiquity to this present day examines the tumultuous background of 1 of an important locations within the heart East. besides photos depicting vital humans, locations, and occasions, you'll find out about Damascus like by no means before.
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